Damages in Different Types of Lawsuits

Damages are awarded to an injured party who suffers harm, loss, or damage as a result of a defendant’s intentional or negligent conduct. The type of lawsuit brought depends upon the nature of the harm, loss, or damage caused, and the type of damages awarded depends upon the type of lawsuit brought.

Federal Tort Claims Act – Discretionary Function Exception

The Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) bars claims that are based on the performance or failure to perform a discretionary function or duty of a federal agency or federal government employee, even if there is an abuse of discretion. According to this “discretionary function exception,” a personal injury action cannot be filed under the FTCA if the employee’s negligence arises from a discretionary function or the execution of a statute or regulation.

Parental Immunity

Traditionally, the legal doctrine of “parental immunity” prohibited a minor, unemancipated child from suing his or her parent for personal injuries under any circumstances. The purpose of the parental immunity doctrine was to preserve family harmony, family assets, and parental authority over the care, discipline, and control of children.

The Jones Act — Unearned Wages

Under the Jones Act and general maritime law, a seaman who is injured in the course and scope of his employment may recover “unearned wages,” i.e., the wages he would have earned if he were able to continue working until the end of the voyage. Unearned wages may include overtime, bonuses, and other employment benefits.

Unusual Defenses to Defamation

Defamation lawsuits are not easy to win because the plaintiff must both prove the difficult elements of his or her case and avoid the many defenses to defamation. This article discusses two unusual “defenses” to defamation, the insubstantial but practical defense of I-dare-you-to-sue, and the real but rare defense of consent.


The contents of this website do not constitute legal advice, and do not establish an attorney-client relationship. Representative case results are provided as examples only, and do not guarantee or imply the same or similar results for other cases, which are evaluated on their individual merits.